Our team of urologists is here to provide treatment for all male urologic conditions, such as bladder infections, erectile dysfunction, cancer, and many others.

Bladder Conditions in Men

There are a number of bladder conditions that male patients may experience. No matter what condition the patient may have, it is important that they seek care at the onset of symptoms, as their condition may worsen over time without treatment.

Bladder Stones

When concentrated urine is in the bladder, which occurs when a patient is unable to entirely empty their bladder, minerals within the urine crystalize and form stones.

Patients with bladder stones may not experience symptoms regardless of the size of the stones. However, when a stone begins to block urine or irritate the wall of the bladder, patients may experience painful urination, lower abdominal pain, frequent urination, discomfort in the penis, or blood in the urine.

There are a number of conditions that can cause bladder stones:

  • Damaged nerves, or neurogenic bladder, which prevents a patient from emptying their bladder completely.
  • Kidney stones, although they form for different reasons, can get stuck in the bladder and become bladder stones.
  • Prostate gland enlargement can squeeze the urethra and affect urine flow, which can lead to stagnant urine in the bladder.

A urologist will diagnose a patient with bladder stones through a physical exam, a urinalysis, and imaging tests such as an ultrasound or X-ray. If the bladder stone is small, a urologist may recommend that the patient drink large quantities of water to help it pass. Generally, all bladder stones are removed by a urologist to prevent further complications such as infection.

A cystolitholapaxy is the procedure used to break the stone apart and flush it from the bladder. Utilizing this procedure, a urologist inserts a cystoscope through the urethra to view the bladder. An ultrasound, or laser, is then used to break the stone. A month after a patient undergoes a cystolitholapaxy, a urologist will see if all pieces of the bladder stones have passed. If a bladder stone is too big, it may be surgically removed.


Cystitis is a condition where the patient’s bladder is inflamed. It is important to seek care for this condition, as it may spread to the kidneys and cause additional health problems. There are two types of cystitis:

  • Bacterial cystitis – Also known as urinary tract infections (UTIs), bacterial cystitis occurs when a bacteria enters the urinary tract and multiplies.
  • Noninfectious cystitis – This type of cystitis can be caused by medications, long-term catheter use, radiation, or chemicals. Interstitial cystitis, also known as chronic bladder inflammation or painful bladder syndrome, falls into this category.

Symptoms of cystitis include blood in the urine, pressure in the lower abdomen, a burning feeling while urinating, a strong impulse to urinate, strong-smelling urine, frequently urinating small amounts, and a low-grade fever. A urinalysis or other imaging tests such as X-rays or cystoscopy are used to determine whether a patient has cystitis.

Treatment for cystitis depends on the type of cystitis the patient has. Bacterial cystitis is treated with antibiotics. For most forms of noninfectious cystitis, a urologist will recommend that the patient stay away from the medication or chemical that causes their bladder to react. Since the cause of interstitial cystitis is unknown, there isn’t one treatment plan that works best. A urologist will suggest medications taken orally or placed within the bladder, nerve stimulation, or bladder distention, a procedure to stretch the bladder, all of which may help relieve the patient’s symptoms.


Academic Urology has experienced urologists who can treat patients with bladder conditions, no matter what they are. AUUA treats each patient with the individualized care they need to help with the variety of conditions related to men’s urology. Call us today to learn more about the treatment options we offer at one of our seven convenient locations throughout Arizona.